This EMP-hardening list is prioritized by the number of civilian deaths that could be avoided nationwide within the first 1-48 hours of an EMP event -- if proper preparedness steps are taken.Assuming no preparation, within 48 hours, approximately 250,000 - 350,000 Americans would die nationwide in a sudden EMP event -- equivalent to all American deaths in 4 - 6 Vietnam "conflicts" in only two days.The prioritized hardening list is:
(1) Airplane avionics and air traffic control & communication systems
(2) Hospital ICU (intensive care unit) medical equipment and power sources, as well as implanted electronic medical devices in ambulatory patients
(3) The electrical grid in general, and especially nuclear power plant control systems (e.g., intense sparking of high-power lines would immediately cause hundreds of forest fires nationwide)
(4) Back-up generators and large-scale battery arrays for critical services
Thus, the Council encourages all national and international standards-setting organizations to immediately begin drafting and publishing guidelines for EMP-resistant consumer and industrial products.Such organizations include IEEE, Underwriters Laboratory (UL), Semiconductor Equipment & Materials International (SEMI), the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers.
Manufacture liability for products that are not EMP-resistant must be self-insured or insured, but cannot be excused away as an "Act of God" in the case of solar EMP or "Act of War or Terrorism" in the case of nuclear EMP.The conservatively estimated probability of an EMP event, combining solar and nuclear, is 50:50 over the next 15 - 25 years [Dr. Erland Wittkotter of EMP Preparedness 2013].Thus, the near-term and eventual occurrence of EMP is highly predictable by any rational actor, and planning for and insuring against EMP events is the fiduciary responsibility of all corporate board members.
"America has a long history of investing significant resources to prepare for high-impact, low-frequency (HILF) events.Examples include earthquake building codes, flame-resistant clothing standards, EMF (electro-magnetic field) warnings from utility companies, and automobile airbags.Likewise, in retrospect, adoption of universal standards for EMP-resistant durable goods, industrial machinery and electrical grid infrastructure will appear to be a logical precaution for any advanced civilization to take," observed David Palella.
Promulgation of EMP-resistant product standards by independent 3rd-parties, combined with novel legal theories of manufacturer liability for products unduly susceptible to EMP, will allow market forces to foster the more rapid introduction of EMP-resistant products -- thus greatly reducing America's vulnerability to any type of EMP event.
If done in the design phase, basic hardening of products against EMP adds only 3 - 5 % to manufacturing cost, according to published sources.Inexpensive hardening or product-damage minimization may be accomplished via increased use of fuses, insulators, Faraday caging (e.g., Mylar® shielding), multiple grounding strategies, and automatic disconnection of long conducting wires when a product is not in use.
In particular, companies, schools, residents and government entities in San Diego, California -- host to the world's largest U.S. military installation and therefore a prime terrorist target -- are encouraged to take an active role in preparing for EMP -- whether solar or nuclear.